Bunion is a condition characterized by a bony bump that develops at the base of the big toe.
One of the common culprits of the painful condition is wearing shoes that is either too narrow or too small.
The condition is more common among women than in men.
When bunion will not respond to conventional and noninvasive treatment interventions, bunions surgery will be performed to correct the deformity.
The procedure to remove the bunion is also referred to as bunionectomy and hallux valgus (Latin term which means “foot deformity) removal.
To help ease the pain brought about by the condition, wearing shoes larger than the actual feet size is recommended for some patients.
Other people on the other hand will find comfort using protected pads.
Unfortunately, there are instances when making significant lifestyle changes just won’t cut it.
In similar cases, bunions surgery might become the recommended treatment option.
Scenarios that will merit bunion surgery include the following:
- Individual experiences severe pain. The discomfort and pain will also make the performance of even the most basic of activities and routines very difficult.
- The patient will no longer will able to walk without pain.
- The affected toe is painful and swollen even after medication and proper rest.
- Bending or straightening the toe becomes impossible.
For likely candidates for bunion surgery it is recommended that they discuss the condition as well as the procedure with their doctors.
Discussing the procedure with the doctor is considered vital so both parties can agree and decide on the type of surgery that will be carried out to resolve the condition.
To help ensure the diagnosis is accurate, an X-ray of the foot affected will be required.
While not everyone may be aware of it, there are at least more than 100 different types of bunion removal procedures that can be carried out to realign the toe and remove the bunion.
In most cases, however, the type of bunion removal surgery that will be carried out will be dependent on the size of the bunion and the progression of the condition.
Prior to the procedure, the patient will be required to undergo some tests in order to gauge the overall status of their health.
To check the heart function, a cardiogram, blood and urine test and X-ray of the lungs might be recommended to rule out other possible underlying conditions.
Patients who take blood thinning medications will most likely to asked to discontinue taking the medications at least a few days before the scheduled procedure.
After the anesthesia has worn off, patients are often allowed to go home after the surgery.
In some cases, fasting might also be required.
However, fasting time will be based on the surgery’s starting time so it would be best to check with the doctor regarding this.
Ideally, it would be best to check with the doctor regarding the list of dos and don’ts so any likely complications can be successfully avoided.
In majority of the cases, general anesthesia will not be necessary when performing bunion removal surgery.
Instead, ankle block (a local anesthetic) will be given.
It will work by numbing the area below the knee.
Once the knee has been numbed, the bunion removal procedure will be carried out.
Three of the most common types of bunion removal surgery performed include:
Removal of the bunion is performed but no alignment is done.
The big toe’s joint is cut and realigned.
Screws and metal plates will be used to replace the joint that has been damaged and to fix the deformity.